Your guide to improved life satisfaction

Soul and Spirit are not Interchangeable

     I can understand why reading is seldom encouraged. The approach has little to do with controlling the masses. Its more about perpetuating a deception. For the most part, people submit to others of their own choosing. I find this upsetting, disturbing even. However, pause and consider those you’ve encountered during the week. Consider those who felt trapped or overwhelmed. How did they allow that to happen to them? Did they follow through on their own, or did they follow another’s lead?

     The masses are starving for leadership. What’s amazing is that the leaders are few in number and could easily be over powered. The question becomes why don’t they. The response can be found in the Who’s Won’t Get fooled Again; Meet the new boss, same as the old boss. Those in leadership positions are not necessarily leaders. They could be people starving for power and have usurped the guise of leadership as a means of satisfying their hunger. This has often been the case. Their intent behind the lack of educational encouragement or reading is to discourage those who would challenge them. The curious and the inquisitive often discover truths, which in turn challenge those in positions of power.

     Decades ago, when I first began inquiring into the validity of spirituality and the domain of religion, what I found was not unique. The questions put forth were not special in any way. What is God? Why is my fate determined by one supreme all-powerful being? What is spirit? What is soul? The company line, meaning the traditional response was and still is, don’t question God. Why can I not question God? This and similar questions are dangerous avenues to travel in pursuit of truth. However, it is not the validity of God I wish to present. I would like to examine spirit and soul. The response to what is spirit and what is soul appears to be interchangeable. If they are the same, why do we treat them as though they are not?

     The worst thing the average person can do is to set an intelligent mind loose upon a vast amount of information without knowing their agenda. Simply stating truth would be careless, because truth is relative to perception. To say truth is unchanging demonstrates ignorance. Such was mine until the realization of all inquiries became apparent. The nature of all inquiries is the need to understand. Comprehension is what makes a person dangerous to false leaders or power-hungry impostors. Knowledge is nothing more than loose ideas scattered about like seeds on the ground. Some will take root, embedding themselves deep into the minds of the curious. Others will barely take hold, risking the off chance of being supplanted. The rest, lie upon a sparse landscape starving.

     Many religions utilize the words spirit and soul. I say religions and not religious philosophies. The philosophies are often more practical and the proponents less volatile. Interestingly, there are few of both. Hinduism and all of its derivatives, which include Buddhism and Taoism, are primarily comprised of philosophies. Judaism, which is said to be the basis of Christianity and Islam, depends upon a duality. An interesting observation is the first is about the realization of suffering and relieving it and the second depends on it. However, all religions share the same source and basic terms, such as suffering, the soul, the spirit, and some sort of continuity of life.

     What is spirit and what is soul? I thought who better to ask than those attending Spiritualist churches. After all, they profess spirit communication and should be some sort of experts on the topic. The response received was that spirit is the personality of the departed. This is to be expected, as this is part of their doctrine. When questioned about the soul, the response was silence. Would this mean there is no soul?

     One of the many things separating us from our ancient ancestors is the words we use and how we use them. We tend to blend words together or add to their definitions because some believe close enough is good enough. This may be due to our desire for efficiency. Texting is an excellent example. Some use shortened versions of words in order to meet the limitations of phones, networks, and attention spans. Our ancestors had a bit more freedom and chose to be a bit more precise.

     The ancient Egyptians believed the Ka, which is the life force is passed on from a child’s parents. The Ba is a child’s personality, which is developed throughout life. Upon the demise of the body, the Ba moves about of its own accord.[1] Meaning, the Ba is independent of the body and is the soul. Ba is our personality, which develops throughout our lives. When the body ceases to function, who we are is reduced to an essence; much like a fragrance left behind after all else has been simmered away. This essence, this Ba is what escapes from the confines of a body. We now ask, what is spirit?

     Our society or perhaps we should say today’s religion, then again, this is also incorrect, kneaded together Ka and Ba into a single being. The idea of a single supreme being is not of Christian origin. The Greek philosophers had already discussed the matter and concluded that a single supreme being was more beneficial to human kind than having many gods. While this makes sense, the concept is not theirs. The Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaton introduced the idea. His version was not a vengeful or loving god as most modern religions condition us to believe. His was one based on observation. All life depended upon the sun for continued existence. Thus, the single most important aspect of all nature should be revered.[2] The Hebrews may have stumbled upon a similar idea. Perhaps they lost track of their origins as they mingled with the various cultures. Abraham, the patriarch of the religious culture we have come to call Christianity, wandered about the plains of Mesopotamia, moving his herds from one pasture to another. Like the people of his time, he built many altars, giving thanks to the elements. One such element was that of a mountain, he called El Shaddai, god of the mountain.[3] While Moses’ encounter in Midia was slightly different, he renewed the belief. Instead of a mountain, his was the foot lands of a volcano.[4] However, earlier still was the god El of the city of Ugarit off the Mediterranean and north of Lebanon. El is the creator of all creatures and is the father of humankind.[5] Though not the singular god we are familiar with today, El was/is the progenitor of all gods.

     During the Dark Age, which is so named because of the desire to suppress any form of progress that may have threatened those in power, established a pattern of blissful ignorance. While the higher hierarchy of Christianity may have understood the difference between the words spirit and soul, the lower echelons and peasantry did not. They were encouraged not to read and to accept what was provided for them. Perhaps here is when the two terms began to merge. Eventually, the many overthrew the few. Yet, because the many didn’t know any better, the tradition continued. Thus, today’s religion merely follows the pattern set before it.

     Please, don’t make the mistake of thinking the religious are doomed because of changes in their history. Not one thing is immune to change. To think otherwise is foolish. This does not mean anything changes at the same pace either. Through change, the term spirit was expanded to include many attributes, much as the Hindu god Shiva. However, change for the sake of change is never good. Not all changes are beneficial.

     Before ghosts became synonymous with the word spirit, the word meant swirling dust, and spirit was breath. Many of the early cultures also defined spirit as breath. The modifier of spirit determines the type of breath. Typically, the word had something to do with life, as in the breath of life, the animating force of all. Naturally, we can’t allow this because it smacks of paganism. Before the onset of gods, there was simply breath or anima as we call it today. Anima, that which vitalizes all that is alive, that which animates, continues to be worshiped.

     The life force or spirit is described in a variety of ways. Chi, Ka, and H. P. Blavatsky’s Fohat are only a handful of terms, but they all refer to the same thing. They refer to the creative process we call life. The soul, while being intimately connected to spirit, describes what follows the coalescence of the animating force of creation and intelligence. While this is a poor description and possibly incorrect, it is the best we can muster. The forces at work are so entangled, it is impossible to separate any of them, even for a brief explanation. Many of our ancestors realized the hopelessness of such a task. Yet, the need to do so was and is overwhelming. Psychology offers a way through the development of the personality that demonstrates the fluidity of soul.

     From the perspective of personality development, our traits would be comparable to spirit. As life is dependent upon that animating force, so too is our personality dependent upon our traits. Traits are received through our parents and are relatively steady throughout our lifetime. This doesn’t mean they cannot change, if they do it’s a slow process best explored through the teachings of reincarnation. Traits are generally seen as outgoing, neuroticism, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness.[6] All of us have these traits, and some are more dominant than others. From these our personality develops.

     Throughout life, we experience numerous events that impact our development. This doesn’t mean other events don’t, because they do. Major events such as the death of loved ones, the birth of a child, and certain accomplishments have an almost immediate effect on us. Other events such as debt, marriages, and the many discoveries along the way have more of an accumulative effect. Only upon reflection do we discover our choices are linked to our personalities.

     Another way of presenting this is personalities are the summation of our habits. Depending upon a person’s belief regarding an afterlife, their personality may be a deciding factor.

     For those subscribing to Karmic Law and reincarnation, the personality one has developed may allow them to move up the evolutionary ladder or down the social ladder. For the Christian, the personality determines where they journey next, to heaven or to hell. To the Spiritualist, the personality follows their dominant habits. Theirs is a belief in life continuity based on the continuation of habits, with the option of improving them or continuing as they are. The personality or soul transitions into a new aspect of life when leaving the vessel. Andrew Jackson Davis compares the transition to the departure of a trip. Upon arriving at our destination, we no different than when we left.[7]

     Soul and spirit are not synonymous. For those who like their Bible, just read the first two chapters of Genesis. They are complimentary. Don’t allow their relationship or their designations to become blurred. Returning them to their former positions doesn’t change anyone’s belief. The spirit is the aspect of God within, that which animates them shaping the soul. When spirit withdraws, the soul is ready for the next portion of the journey.

[1] (The Trustees of the British Museum, 2010)

[2] Akhenaton’s monotheistic religion was not in recognition of a single god. He saw the sun as being the one obvious component in all that existed. The sun became Egypt’s living god (Assmann, 2002).

[3] (Bahm, 1964)

[4] (Bahm, 1964)

[5] (Wyatt, 2007)

[6] (McCrae & John, 1992)

[7] (Davis, 1851)


Assmann, J. (2002). The Mind of Egypt. New York: Metropolitan Books Henry Holt and Co., LLC.

Bahm, A. (1964). The World's Living Religions: A searching comparison of the faiths of East and West. Carbondale and Edwardsville, IL: Souther Illinois University Press.

The Trustees of the British Museum. (2010). Journey through the afterlife: Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead. (J. H. Taylor, Ed.) London: British Museum Press.

Beyond the Change Called Death

   I often find inspiration in what I read. Sometimes the material sparks inquisitiveness, connections are made, and sometimes a need to update information. In this instance, I was reading Andrew Jackson Davis’, The Great Harmonia; Being a Philosophical Revelation of the Natural, Spiritual, and Celestial Universe. The section I’m drawing from deals with the immortality of the spirit. Within Spiritualism, the spirit is also considered the personality of the individual and that it remains intact after the change called death, which may or may not be true. Davis addresses a question put forth by an admirer. The admirer is not convinced of the soul’s immortality, specifically the intellectual faculties and memories remaining intact. I too am curious about this concept, particularly after having to investigate a church making connections with followers of John of God, who is popular in Brazil.


   Joao de Teixeira de Faria, better known as John of God, is a full trance medium, one who allows possession by a spirit(s). Through him, doctors and surgeons (up to 33 entities) perform healings. The principal spirit is St. Ignatius of Loyola (Dom Inacio de Loyola, 1491-1556) founder of the Society of Jesus, better known as the Jesuits.[1] Another chief spirit is identified as Dr. Augusto de Almeida. The entity claims to have been a doctor in a previous incarnation. No further information is provided nor can be found through a cursory search of the internet. Dr. Oswaldo Cruz (1872-1917), unlike the other entities was well known. Dr. Cruz was a bacteriologist who became director of the Federal Seropathy Institute, and later appointed Director-General of Public Health.[2] He eliminated yellow fever in Brazil through changing sanitation practices and took this to other parts of South America. With the exception of St. Ignatius, the spirit entities walked the earth during the latter part of the 19th and early part of the 20th centuries. The medical skills they demonstrate are appropriate to that era.

   In 2009, an incident occurred while I was a member of a Spiritualist organization’s board. We had to determine if the leaders of a charter had broken any of the organization’s by-laws. I took it upon myself to investigate. After our meeting, a member questioned me about the report I had submitted. Trance mediumship is an accepted demonstration of spirit influence, though it is not recommended. The question dealt with the methodology of Faria’s healings include making incisions upon those asking for healing. Individuals are given a choice between spiritual (psychic) operations or physical operations.[3] Physical operations consist of making incisions, which are performed without anesthesia or antiseptic.[4]

   After explaining that he does this while in trance and other spirits perform the operations through him, she asked another question. Why didn’t they grow? The belief in Spiritualism is that a person retains their identity after death and continues to progress. Why, indeed had these spirits not continued to expand in their respective fields?

   Several years later, I stumbled upon an answer from one of Spiritualism’s pioneers. “These are no inferences, no conclusions based upon hypothetical reasons, but they are the universal testimonies and absolute demonstrations of creation – indeed, they are simply Nature’s own instructions, (p. 241, par. 1).”[5] The universal testimonies, I assume, are pieces of information provided by spirit in much the same way as people provide testimonials for services. The Harmonia is a work dictated by spirit to Andrew Jackson Davis while under hypnosis. The instructions received by Faria were natural to those working through him.

   Davis goes on to explain the process of human creation as beginning with the body, which forms the brain, which gives shape to the mind. This is contrary to what we now know. Creation is top down process. If we were to apply this to Davis’ theory, it would be the mind creating the body. Matter is merely the compression of energy fields giving them shape. Energy provides cohesion for matter as a means of retaining its shape.[6] Some suggest an incorporeal existence prior to a physical existence.[7] Cosmologists suggest matter gives space-time form and space-time moves matter.[8] I do not dismiss the validity of Davis’ writing as it is relevant to the period. What I question is the idea of the supremacy of those who live in Life’s other room.

   A belief exists that the spirit of an individual continues to grow, and that there are schools in Life’s other room for them to attend. Unfortunately, beliefs are often generated through preconceptions.[9] Religion is riddled with beliefs regarding what happens when we transition. Such beliefs range from transitioning to heaven or hell to a dispersal of energy to reincarnation. Few have any real basis to them. Reincarnation, at least has some form of evidence outside of conjecture to support it.[10] With the exception of energy dispersal, the rest of the information is provided through divine beings and spirit entities.

   Davis explains it this way. “The passage from this sphere into the next is no more a change to the individual than a journey from America to England, excepting the almost complete emancipation consequent upon the change, from rudimental misdirection and earthly imperfections (p. 241; par. 2).”[11] Clear indications of a lack of significant personal growth are indicated. An almost complete separation from misdirection due to alleged earthly imperfections – being human, meaning we are subject to our own ignorance. Davis goes on to say the physical change called death imparts no significant alteration to the personality. At long last, an answer to the board member’s question; even if it is several years late. Why did the spirit doctors working with Faria fail to progress any further? If the person is not in the habit of taking it upon themselves to grow – expand mentally, emotionally, or even spiritually, the person is most likely not going to experience much progression in Life’s other room. However, given Dr. Cruz’s reputation as a leader of innovation, he should have continued his growth. His failure to progress lends doubts to the idea of progression as a spirit being, unless, the entity falsely identified itself, or possesses and egocentric personality.

   The spirit entities working through Faria insist upon making incisions because it is what they know. “The experience, character, and progress of an individual in this life is recorded upon, and will be, to a modified extent, manifested by, that individual in the life to come (p. 241; par 1)).”[12] Is this further indication of a person’s ability to continue their growth after transition or an allusion to reincarnation?

   If it is not in the nature of a person to inquire or exercise their intellect while serving in the physical world, they will probably not do so in Life’s other room. Perhaps we should take heed of Andrew Jackson Davis’ words. “Duty demands serious analysis and investigation of all conspicuous subjects.”[13] Life is a conspicuous subject and the philosophies meant to provide comfort are calling upon us to investigate.

[1] (Unknown, St. Ignatius Loyola, 2009-2015)

[2] (Unknown, Oswaldo Cruz, Unknown)

[3] (Amey, No Date)

[4] (Cumming, 2001)

[5] (Davis, 1851)

[6] (Lipton & Bhaerman, 2009)

[7] (Steiner, 1972)

[8] (Bousso & Polchinski, 2004)

[9] (Myers, 2008)

[10] (Stevenson, 1997)

[11] (Davis, 1851)

[12] (Davis, 1851)

[13] (Davis, 1851)

Works Cited

Amey, E. (No Date). Healings by John of God. Retrieved February 25, 2009, from Healing Brazil:

Bousso, R., & Polchinski, J. (2004). The string theory landscape. Scientific American, 291(3), 78-87. Retrieved June 10, 2008 from Academic Search Premier database.

Cumming, H. (2001). John of God. Retrieved January 10, 2016, from

Davis, A. J. (1851). The Philosophy of Immortality. In The Great Harmonia; Being a Philosophical Revelation of the Natural, Spiritual, and Celestial Universe (Vol. 2, p. 233). Boston: Benjamin B. Mussey & Co. Retrieved January 10, 2016, from

Golog, N. (no date). Oswaldo Cruz. Retrieved from SJSU Virtual Museum:

Lipton, B., & Bhaerman, S. (2009). Spontaneous Evolution: Our Positive Future (and a way to get there from here). New York: Hayhouse.

Myers, D. (2008). Social beliefs and judgments. In Social Psychology (p. 76). New York: McGraw Hill.

Steiner, R. (1972). Outline of Occult Science. Anthroposophic Press, Inc.

Stevenson, I. (1997). Where Reincarnation and Biology Intersect. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

Unknown. (2009-2015). St. Ignatius Loyola. Retrieved January 10, 2016, from Ignatian Spirituality:

Unknown. (Unknown). Oswaldo Cruz. Retrieved January 26, 2016, from Fiocruz:


© 2016

Spiritualism and the Survivalist Theory

   The focus of Spiritualism is generally on spirit phenomena. This is evident in the television series The Medium and Ghost Whisperer and even in the ghost series that fill cable television. The focus of spirit phenomena is the way Spiritualist churches build their memberships, through spirit messages and readings. The Spiritist side of Spiritualism is based upon what is called the Survivalist theory. Michael Sudduth writes, “Survival arguments postulate surviving persons to explain the observable phenomena. So, they presuppose that surviving persons causally interact with living persons and the physical world at some level. (Sudduth, 2009)” Think about what this implies. For mediums to give messages, they assume that everyone who dies has a strong desire to communicate with the living. So, when I die, mediums will assume I will want to hurry back and tell everyone I’m okay.

Declaration four of the Declarations of Principles states:

         We affirm that the existence and personal identity of the individual continue after the change called death.

   Now, I would like to put forth a problem to the assumption of the Spiritualist medium. If, Uncle Lee keeps to himself and avoids talking to others, will he start talking to everybody after he dies?

In the world today, or any other day, we strive to learn to treat people with dignity, kindness, and respect without judgment. We try to live up to not only our parent’s expectations, but also everyone else’s and sometimes our own. Do we extend the same courtesy to our family and friends who are now in sprit? Do we even extend the same courtesy to God?

   In order to prove that the mind survives death, we assume that when people transition, they want to continue their life on this plane. The survivalist theory is dependent on the interactions of the spirit.[1] We must include the possibility of spirits having no desire to interact with us. This is more than most Spiritualists allow.

   Not all mediums make this assumption. Recall declaration number four, the personality survives death. If we adopt this as being true, then why should we expect them to be at our beck and call. Some of these people were not that involved in the lives of others when they were on this plane, why should they suddenly take an interest in our lives now? Why do Spiritualists know that the personality continues? A good medium will bring proof of the identity of the loved one from Life’s Other Room who is bringing the message.

   Some explain the role of mediumship as that of a telephone operator. The sitter makes the call. The medium directs the call. The loved one receives the call. As we consider this, ask yourself this question, did Aunt Sue always answer the phone? Well, if she didn’t, then she may not answer this time either. Aunt Sue had and continues to have other things to do besides waiting for your call. Of course, if she had an answering machine, she may have screened her calls and may still be screening them. What if a bond existed between the two of you, how would this affect you? Sometimes she would call when you were thinking about her, or perhaps you would call when she was thinking about you. This bond still exists and when the need arises, Aunt Sue will be there to take the call. The idea is that if we assume a person would act differently after their transition, then we would be oblivious to their needs.

   When a medium gives a message, or asks a loved one a question for you, the medium is should find out whom you are talking with. The medium does this by telling you something about the loved one when they walked the earth. Generally, the loved one indicates a condition, they had when on this plane. Sometimes, the medium will be able to hear their name, or another means of identification is employed. Other times, a loved one may leave a message without identifying themselves. I’ve done that, ‘It’s me. Call when you get in.’ Does this mean the medium is lazy or discourteous? Probably not. Then again, someone from Life’s Other room may feel like chatting.

   Imagine yourself standing in line at the customer service desk waiting for a clerk. Someone says hello and before you know it, a conversation has ensued. The same is true with those from Life’s Other Room, mediums put forth the question and someone provides an answer. It’s not that they don’t care, it’s that people are like on this plane and are still like that on the next.

   Let’s consider another assumption about those who have transitioned. Rev. Dan Kivel used to quote Rev. Lynette May, “Just because they’re dead, don’t make them smart.” Some believe that after a person passes into life’s other room, he becomes perfect and knows everything. This is true. When we make our transition, it is like boarding a train to Rochester, New York. When you get off, you are the same person as when you left. The only change that has occurred is your location.[2] What this implies is that if a person was not actively growing while on this plane, chances are they are same as when they departed. After their departure, their location has changed, and they may be able to see events from a different perspective. They observe a possible future, not the future.

   Then how can we continue to grow after leaving this plane? We continue to grow because that is the process of evolution, which is a process of refinement. Generally, this is accomplished slowly. Those who were life-long learners will naturally progress faster.

   Then how is Aunt Sue able to help if she is busy? Some teach that spirit has no sense of time. Well, if this were true, I would not be able to tell you that an opportunity may manifest in two to three weeks. If a one who has transitioned is able to influence us in this dimension, we can assume they are also aware of the limitations existing on this plane and they may continue to be bound by them. The problem is the message. How do you provide a proper time for an event when you are in a different time zone and speak a different language? You resort to what may be considered childish means of explanation. The same is true for the loved one. They express time through an abstract language we call symbols. There is one other thing I need to mention. The reason why people assume those in Life’s Other Room do not know time is because they are able to exist in two places at once. That would take some time to explain.

   Continuing with Aunt Sue, remember that bond between you and Aunt Sue? This bond is what notifies her of your need for her. Just as she stopped doing what she was doing on this plane, she will stop what she is doing in the other realm. She’s able to see what you’ve been doing through your actions, emotions, and thoughts. Opportunities like these help her to grow just as they do you.

   The survivalist theory is based on observed spirit phenomena. This assumes a person who has transitioned has a desire to continue interacting with us. The possibility that the loved one we wish to contact may not wish to converse with us exists. There is also the possibility of a loved one trying to communicate with us. A medium is not required, but one does help.

[1] (Sudduth, 2009)

[2] (Davis, 1851)

Works Cited

Davis, A. J. (1851). The Great Harmonia; Being a Philosophical Revelation of the Natural, Spiritual and Celestial Universe (Vol. 2 The Teacher). Boston, MA: Bengamin B. Mussey & Co.

Sudduth, M. (2009). Super-psi and the survivalist interpretation of mediumship. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 23(2), 167-193.


The Dreaming Mind and What it Means to Me

Ever wonder why you dream or why you don’t dream? Sometimes I do, so I decided to find the real story behind dreams and the role they play in our life.

Did you know there are four stages of sleep: a transition stage, a stage characterized by theta and beta waves (which are types of brains waves), and two stages of what is called slow wave sleep (SWS). The transition stage lasts only a few minutes and happens regularly throughout the night[1]. Remember when you got up to get a drink of water of water last night or had to use the restroom? That was probably during one of those transitional stages. When you laid back down you were off to sleep as though nothing had happened. The next stage is a little deeper and a little longer. Then you enter a deep sleep or SWS. It is during SWS that the heart rate, blood pressure, and other bodily systems slow down[2]. Very uneventful and restful sleeping, you are not dreaming yet; REM begins about 90 minutes afterwards[3]. Suddenly everything changes, facial muscles begin to twitch, heart rate increases, you may even thrash about; your mind acts as though you are awake. That’s because I’m dreaming, right? Well, maybe. Scientists say that most dream activity takes place during REM, but a person can dream during SWS also. The difference is that dreams during SWS seem to go nowhere and are repetitious[4].

Why do I thrash around at night when I sleep?

In 1953, Aserinsky and Kleitman discovered that the brain was active during sleep and that these active periods occurred every 90 to 100 minutes. These periods were marked by rapid eye movements (REM) and increased heart rate and breathing[5]. Today, neuroimaging shows a lot of activity going in the visual and emotional centers of the brain[6]. The amygdala is one of the central figures of the emotional system. The amygdala is what determines what the brain considers dangerous. So, emotions such as fear, anger, and anxiety are tell-tale signs of impending danger and trigger the fight or flight response in each of us. Thus it is emotions that direct our dreams.

Why am I afraid of things in my dreams that I am not afraid of when I am awake?

 The reason is because your executive centers are basically disconnected. The executive centers are where your problem solving and decision making processes take place.

Dreams begin at the simplest part of the brain, which is the brain stem and then move through the emotional system. During this process dreams are a confusing collage of images that make no sense. Sort of like watching a hip-hop music video while listening to the Doors: confusing. As your dreams move through the brain they begin to make sense. As your dreams enter the only part of the executive center that is working, the medial frontal cortex, your dreams become organized[7]. By this time you are probably ready to wake up.

This is really nice, but what good does this do me?

What we have learned is that the focus of the of dreams are emotions and that it would be wise to direct our attention to the underlying emotions of our dreams. Margaret Wilkinson (2007) quotes Carl Jung as saying, “Dreams do not deceive, they do not lie, they do not distort or disguise, but naively announce what they are and what they mean… they are invariably seeking to express something that the ego does not know and does not understand.”

What are my dreams telling me? Are my intellectual interpretations correct, or are they educated guesses? What is it about me that I do not understand?

In one of my dreams, I see a group of people shooting at some pedestrians. The leader of these men gets out of a vehicle and says, “I have to do that because everybody wants my product.” Wilda Tanner interprets this as I have a desire to kill an aspect of my self.[8] ‘10,000 Dreams and their Traditional Meanings’ informs me that I will experience a loss of livelihood[9]. Then again, if I look at what may be the emotional undercurrent perhaps there is an indication of being careful about shooting my mouth off in public. I could very well be the leader and my reasoning is because there is something that needs to be said.

What’s the emotional content here?

It is anxiety. It is no coincidence that spirit, emotions, and the conscious are represented by water.

Of course, everyone has a theory about dreams. The most infamous is Freud, who saw dreams as twisted paths that allowed us to fulfill forbidden aggressive and sexual desires[10]. For him dreams became wishes that disguised themselves as nightmares. Deirdre Barrett, Ph.D. clinical assistant professor of psychology at Harvard Medical School believes that the “purpose of dreaming is almost the same as the purpose of waking and thinking: to solve problems.”[11] Antti Revonsou, a Finnish psychologist believes that dreams allow us to practice survival skills[12]. Allan Hobson, a Harvard dream researcher likes to say dreams are the “noise the brain makes while it’s doing its homework.”[13]

Essentially, we have a dream every 90 minutes or so. They begin as a confusing menagerie of images and sounds. Slowly they move through the brain and begin to make sense. Perhaps this is the only time we take time to listen to ourselves. Keep in mind that the divine spark dwells within and it has often been said, “Who understands the will of God?” This is your opportunity to listen to yourself, to God, to Spirit. Oh, and if you think you don’t dream, guess again. Everybody dreams, they just don’t remember because they wake up at the wrong time. If you meditate, just listen and watch.


[1] Soldatos, C.R. & Paparrigopoulos, T.J. (2005). Sleep physiology and pathology: Pertinence to psychiatry. International Review of Psychiatry, 17 (4) 213-228. Retrieved January 9, 2008 from Academic Search Premier database.

[2] Wickens, A. (2005). Foundations of biopsychology (2nd ed.). Essex, Eng.: Pearson Education Limited.

[3] Wickens, 2005

[4] Wickens, 2005

[5] Wilkinson, M. (2006). The dreaming mind-brain: A Jungian perspective. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 51 (1) 43-59. Retrieved December 27, 2007 from MEDLINE database.

[6] Dixit, J. (2007). Night school. Psychology Today, 40 (6) 88-94. Retrieved December 27, 2007 from Academic Search Premier database.

[7] Wilkinson, 2006

[8] Tanner, W.B. (1988). The mystical, magical, marvelous world of dreams. Tahlequah, OK: Sparrow Hawk Press.

[9] 10,000 Dreams and their traditional meanings, (1995). New York: Foulsham & Co.

[10] Dixit, 2007

[11] Hochman, A. & Walch, A. (2004). Solve problems in your sleep. Health, 18 (6). Retrieved October 17, 2007 from Academic Search Premier database.

[12] Dixit, 2007

[13] Dixit, 2007


Psychic Fair does 47 readings: Three months in a Row


     Lynne’s psychic fair did 47 readings at her April event. How did she do this? Lynne sends out invitations every month. I decided to join her for April’s event. This is how it began.

     Friday night when the traffic had died down Lynne, her friend Lorna, and I went for a ride. We traveled along the main thoroughfare and hung signs. Some were bright pink and others were a bright green-yellow. On them were painted the words Psychic Fair beneath was an arrow pointing the way and below that was the address. Apparently, Lynne has been doing this for quite a while because she has developed a system. On the back of the sign are two long pieces of twine that have been attached with tape. Along our midnight drive, we stopped at various busy intersections and tied a sign to telephone poles, street signs, traffic light posts, or lamps. We were careful to ensure that the signs did not create a hazard. About 2:30 am, we finished and went to bed.

     The fair opened at 11 am. There were nine of us ready to give readings. Although it was a slow start, around 1 pm the crowd began to trickle in and remained steady until about 5 pm.  Lynne’s fair ran from 11 am until 7 pm. Although business slowed down it did not stop. At 7 pm, the readers packed up and left. That left the three of us. As long as there is a reader, Lynne does not close her doors. She tells me that often Spirit will tell her that two, sometimes more are coming and to be patient. Tonight, she said Spirit had told her there would be at least two more. As Lorna and I were her guests for the night, we had little choice. Therefore, we chatted about the day’s events. Just after 9 pm, a woman rushed into the building to see if we were still open. Filled with excitement, Lynne announced, “Of course we’re open. Spirit told us you were coming.”

     Like a little child who as just been told she can go to the movies, our guest rushed outside to tell her friend and the two of them came in for a reading. Then came the hard part, who should they get a reading from? Well, she was so excited that she paid for six readings, one from each of us for her and her friend. Just as these readings were finishing up, a family walked and asked for a reading for each of them.

     Lynne tells me that this is how it usually happens. The last group made the count 47. This seems to be the magic number so far; February and March netted 47 readings each. She tells me that this is not the norm, 30 is generally the average. Lynne has been doing this for the last three years and has learned a few things. In the past, she tried to offer crafts, jewelry, and oils for sale as well. The customers did not seem to care for this, so she keeps it strictly readings. Consistency is also a key, if you have readings periodically you will not have a good turn out. Lynne holds her psychic fairs monthly from April to November. This is the first year she held a fair in February and March, but she says Spirit impressed her to do so and Spirit has not let her down yet. Lastly, she recommends a variety of reading styles. At this event, there were card readers, an astrologist, and a spiritual reader. Most of the customers preferred a card reader or the astrologist.

     The event ended with another late night drive. This time we were collecting the signs. Lynne tells me that she has had little troubles with the city because she collects her signs. Of course, this also saves money because she uses them until they go missing. Occasionally, for whatever the reason, a sign disappears. She contributes her success to this grassroots approach. She claims that 65% of her business comes from the signs. The balance is a mix of repeat customers and ads in newsletters and the newspaper. Therefore, if you are not satisfied with the number of readings your church is doing you may want to consider a different approach.


copyright 2008

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